Action 1 - Project management
Responsible partner for action 1: ULg/BEMS
Action 2 – Communication
Responsible partner for Action 2: UL, TUK/RE, ULg/BEMS
Poster Action 3
Action 3.1 - Examination of the current heating systems in the Greater Region
Responsible Partner for Action 3.1: ULg / BEMS
Analysis of the current situation in the Greater Region, taking into account the following aspects
- The current state of various heating systems, especially of heat pumps (penetration rate, heat pump types, technological developments, installation potential, etc.)
- The situation and organization of the electricity network for insights into the existing transmission lines, the market organization, connections between the areas of the Greater Region and the development of the status of the network (monitoring of control measures in recent years, production of electricity from renewable sources, demand development in the different regions, etc.)
Action 3.2: Assessment of the current grid situation in the Greater Region
Responsible partner for action 3.2: TUK / ESEM
- To study the different voltage levels and the relationship between the four countries in the Greater Region
- Development and implementation of measures to strengthen the network
- Investigation of the installed RE generation in different regions
- Harmonization of the collected data for a homogeneous raster data set
- Assessment of electricity demand, the electricity market and cross-border flows
Poster Action 4
Action 4.1 - Building assessment
Responsible partner for action 4.1: TUK / ARCH
The aim is to work out representative building types for the Greater Region and to select them for the modeling:
- Identification of the types of houses and their frequency in the region
- Collect, assemble and homogenize the house types
- Classification by age, type of use, type of space, construction, material and resulting storage behavior
Action 4.2: Determination of storage options
Responsible partner for action 4.2: TUK / ARCH
The action provides the basics needed for building and grid simulation. The following is examined:
- Analysis of the building stock of the Greater Region
- Architectural-constructive-building-physical description of the stock
- Categorization of the stock
- Selection of representative building models for the Greater Region
- Three-dimensional digital modeling of the buildings for the simulation environment
- Acquisition of different design types for the simulation of different age classes
Action 4.3: Determination of refurbishment strategies
Responsible partner for action 4.3: TUK / ARCH
- The analysis of the building stock
- The analysis of the country-specific framework conditions, explicitly of the standards and regulations
- The development of refurbishment strategies for existing buildings (the rehabilitation strategies are based on national and regional energy saving laws and serve the research project focused use of thermal storage by means of current-driven heat pumps
Poster Action 5.1
Poster Action 5.2
Action 5.1 - Assessment of the heat pump market in the Greater Region
Responsible partner for action 5.1: University of Lorraine
The aim of this action is to carry out a study of the heat pump market in the Greater Region (number of units sold, number of units in operation, installed capacity, etc.) for the period 2011-2017, which will make it possible to forecast the development of this technology in the Greater Region.
Action 5.2 - Heat Pump Modeling
Responsible partner for Action 5.2: University of Lorraine
The aim of this action is to model a variable speed heat pump integrated into an intelligent network, thus reducing energy consumption at best, ensuring flexibility in increasing the consumption of renewable electricity, smoothing the load-relief curve and reducing the peak load on raw materials.
Poster Action 6
Action 6: Development of an assessment tool to examine the potential of Heat Pumps and storage systems of the management of the grid in the Greater Region
Responsible Partner for Action 6: TUK/ GST
- Modeling the storage in the simulation environment
- Dimensioning of the storage systems
- Assessment of the possibilities for short- and medium-term loading of thermal storage with electricity from renewable energies
- Insights into energy efficiency in combination with a heat pump
Poster Action 7
Action 7: Determination of relevant energy-economical outline data
Responsible Partner for Action 7: IZES gGmbH
- Investigation of the economic viability of operating controlled heat pumps, the driving style of which is based on short-term electricity market prices
- Examination of the terms and conditions of economic operation of the above systems
- Examination of the legal framework of the countries of the Greater Region regarding short-term tariffing
- Identify legal barriers and challenges
Poster Action 8
Action 8: Development and evaluation of a technical solution for improved network management in the Greater Region.
Partner responsible for action 8: TUK/GST
- Development of an optimisation algorithm for cost-optimised use of the heat pump
- Creation of an interface for the integration of all simulation models (heat pump, application optimizer, building, storage system)
- Simulation studies for different scenarios
Poster Action 9
Action 9: Economical feasibility of the HPS-system with controller
Responsible partner for action 9: TUK/RE
- Investment costs and maintenance costs of the reference buildings under consideration of the refurbishment concepts
- Life cycle costs (LCC) taking into account investment costs, maintenance costs, energy costs, possible subsidies and variable electricity tariffs
- Evaluation of the LZK and the revenue/savings (incl. amortisation period, economic efficiency, saved heating costs per building type)
- Recommendation of a preferred refurbishment concept per building type
- Calculation of the total investment costs for the in the Greater Region
Poster Action 10
Action 10.1: Investigation of the impact of an HP roll-out on the distribution grid
Responsible partner for action 10.1: TUK/ESEM
- Development of synthetic low-voltage grid models for the Greater Region
- Validation of the developed synthetic low-voltage network models with real networks
- Investigations into the penetration of different buildings and cluster types
- Low-voltage network simulations and evaluation of the results
- Extrapolation of the results for the entire Greater Region
Action 10.2: Quantifying the load transfer potential using electric heat pumps
Partner responsible for Action 10.2: TUK/ESEM
- Determination of the load transfer potential based on the electricity tariff structure
- Determination of the load transfer potential based on the energy balance
Poster Action 11
Action 11.1: Adaptation of the laboratory
Responsible Partner for action 11.1: ULg/BEMS
The aim of this action is to adapt the laboratory to a number of houses representative for the Greater Region.
Action 11.2: Reproduction of the various buildings
Responsible Partner for action 11.2: ULg/BEMS
- The purpose of this action is to establish the tests to be carried out under sub-Actions 11.3 and Action 12.
- The emulation system described in action 11.1, which allows the reproduction of houses representative for the Greater Region, was connected to a technical system consisting of a heat pump (air-to-water heat pump) and a storage tank.
Action 11.3: Performance of preliminary identification tests
Partner responsible for action 11.3: ULg/BEMS
- The aim of this measure is to carry out initial identification tests with the various possible configurations that are representative of buildings in the Greater Region.
- The tests and the data recorded during these tests must make it possible to determine the various parameters representing the physical characteristics of the buildings represented. These parameters are necessary when tests are carried out with the CAP prediction model (heat pump) (in action 12).
Poster Action 12
Action 12.1 and 12.2 - Testing the predictive controller
Responsible partner for Action 12.1 and 12.2: ULg/BEMS
The aim of Action 12 is to test the predictive controller developed in the project. The controller is tested in different situations and scenarios and the parameters are optimized.
- Action 12.1: Preparation of laboratories for tests - Action 12.2: Perform tests and compare the performance of the controller with the performance of a conventional controller commonly used in heat pump, storage and underfloor heating installations.
Poster Action 13
Action 13: Determination of regional potential and future scenarios for the use of heat pumps in the Greater Region
Responsible partner for action 13: IZES
The aim of the workpackage is to assess the market potential of heat pumps in the Greater Region and to present it within the framework of future scenarios up to 2050, taking into account energy policy, economic and demographic developments. The approach is based on the results of the actions 3-6 and involves an evaluation of the current building stock and new building forecasts in the Greater Region. The building stock will be reflected in Action 4 on the basis of the types of buildings developed. In parallel, the market penetration of heat pumps will be determined in order to determine the current (market) potential of heat pump technology. Market forecasts are used for this purpose. With the help of three future scenarios (conservative, moderate, progressive) to be worked out up to 2050, taking into account energy policy, economic and demographic developments, The future market potential for heat pumps in the Greater Region is to be mapped. In this context, scenarios for the expansion of renewable energies as well as European and national climate protection targets in the heating sector are to be considered with the aim of deriving conclusions and recommendations for the economy as a whole.
Analysis of the development potential of apartment buildings and multifamily houses
Responsible partner for action 15: TUK/GST
- 15.1 Analysis of the stock of apartment buildings in the greater region and determination of typical building configurations
- 15.2 Investigation of the flexibility potential in typical buildings by numerical simulation of these buildings
- 15.3 Analysis of the specific renovation needs in apartment buildings to enable the installation of heat pumps
- 15.4 Creation of a renovation guide that is adapted to apartment buildings to enable the installation of heat pumps (extension of the guide developed in Action 4)
Action 16: Evaluation of the flexibility potential of electric mobility charging in terms of grid flexibility
Responsible partner for action 16: TUK/ESEM
- 16.1 : Meta-study on electric mobility. The aim of this study is to develop scenarios for the future development of electric mobility based on the political objectives of the individual countries of the Greater Region. Furthermore, this sub-Action will use historical data to investigate the usage behaviour of electric vehicles.
- 16.2 : Modelling of the charging behaviour. For this purpose, models describing the charging behaviour of electric cars will be developed based on the results of sub-Action 16.1.
- 16.3 : Regulator design and development. The model predictive controller developed in Action 8 will be further developed to take into account the planning of the charging processes of the batteries of electric cars.
- - 16.4 : Effects of a rollout of heat pumps and electric cars. The network calculations carried out in Action 10 to investigate the effects of a heat pump rollout are repeated in this sub-Action. The results of sub-Action 16.3 will be integrated, thus considering both heat pumps and electric cars as controlled loads. Furthermore, the effects on the supra-regional energy exchange are investigated. br>
Investigations under real operating conditions and implementation of a demonstrator (single family house as test object)
Responsible partner for action 17: ULg/BEMS
17.1 Defining the actual demonstration system in a simulation environment
By integrating the demonstration building into a simulation environment, a wide variety of scenarios can be analysed and evaluated from the point of view of their cost-effectiveness and energy efficiency.
17.2 Adaptation of the controller to the conditions of the demonstration object
The controller developed in the project is adapted in the sub-Action to the conditions of the demonstration object and its functionality is tested under real environmental conditions. In addition, the simulations carried out under Action 17.1 may be verified.
The performance of the entire system is monitored during the monitoring phase and evaluated under various boundary conditions, both short and long term. The flexibility of the overall system will also be examined and analysed.
Contribution to the main objective of the project: the implementation of full-scale demonstration operations is the best way to convince the target audiences of the effectiveness of the proposed approach for the development of the electricity market in the Greater Region.